Western philosophy is the school of thinking of Western civilization spanning from approximately 600 BC until present day. Generally, it is seen to start with the philosophy of Ancient Greece. Its early development mainly occurred in Europe and the countries around the Mediterranean.
It is different from Eastern philosophy, which developed in Asian countries such as China, Persia, Japan, India and Korea.
Philosophical thought developed in Babylon, and that relating to Islam are sometimes counted as “Eastern”, and sometimes as “Western”.
Below, you will find significant philosophical thinkers, their history, and contributions to social development.
The scope of philosophy in the ancient understanding, and the writings of (at least some of) the ancient philosophers, were all intellectual endeavors. This included the problems of philosophy as they are understood today; but it also included many other disciplines, such as pure mathematics and natural sciences such as physics, astronomy, and biology (Aristotle, for example, wrote on all of these topics.)
Western philosophical thought also encompasses the following periods, to name a few:
– Neoplatonic and Christian philosophers of Late Antiquity
– Medieval period
– Early modern and contemporary approaches
– German idealism